Tuesday, November 15, 2011

Teach your puppy simple commands

Teaching your  puppy a few basic commands is an essential part of dog ownership. By using positive reinforcement it's simple to teach a dog basic commands. .

I want to make you happy!

A puppy is a great friend because all she wants to do is make you happy. During training reward her good behaviour with pats and cuddles.

How long should training sessions be?

Keep puppy training sessions to about 10-15 minutes and start by working on one command at a time. Keep it simple and be patient, persistent and consistent!

The three basic commands

“Come”

You may need a long lead with this one:
  • Say the puppy’s name first, to get their attention and then the command, “Come”
  • If your puppy responds and does come, praise him/her and then give them a treat
  • Repeat several times
  • If your puppy starts to ignore you, attach the lead and reel the puppy in towards you and again praise and treat
  • Always use an encouraging tone of voice, because if you use a threatening tone your puppy will prefer to not come to you

“Sit”

“Sit” is a little more difficult because you first have to teach your puppy what “Sit” means:
  • Hold a treat just above your puppy’s nose and head. As this grabs their attention, they will look up at the treat.
  • When they look up, move the treat very slowly further over their head
  • As your puppy follows, their rear end may lower a little
  • As this happens, put some gentle pressure over your puppy’s rear, gently push them to the floor and say the command, “Sit”
  • As soon as your puppy sits, offer praise and give them the treat
  • Repeat this several times
  • With persistence, you won’t need to put pressure on pup’s posterior and eventually they’ll respond to just the verbal command.
There are many times you should ask your puppy to sit to help avoid potential behaviour problems:
  • When they get to a kerb before crossing a road – so they are less likely to just rush from the pavement across a road
  • Before you give them a meal - this is just good manners for a dog, and it re-emphasises that you’re the boss who controls what they eat and how they must behave before being fed.
  • When visitors arrive – again good manners and less chance of your guests being jumped and slobbered all over as they walk through the door

“Stay”

Once your puppy has mastered the art of “Sit”, then you can teach them to stay:
  • Stand in front of your puppy when he or she is sitting and give the command, “Stay”. A good visual cue for this one is using your hand in a ‘stop’ action
  • Take a couple of steps back, say the command again and hold up your hand
  • Return to your puppy immediately, praise and reward them for staying
  • Be sure to present the reward to your puppy while they are still sitting
  • Gradually take more steps away from your puppy, and then work on increasing the amount of time that you are asking them to “Stay”
  • It will probably take several days to weeks of daily training to get pup to stay for more than a couple of minute
As with the command “Sit”, “Stay” can help prevent and manage potential behaviour problems.
At meal times, you can ask your puppy to sit and stay, then put their food on the floor and have them wait until you release them from the stay command. This reinforces your leadership in the relationship.

We hope you enjoyed this simple guide to how to teach a puppy to sit, how to teach a puppy to stay and how to teach a puppy to come. With these simple commands to start with, you're puppy will be easier to handle and both of you will have more fun.

1 comment:

  1. Thank you for this tips. I also use this site-- dogtrainingasleader.com --to train Brad. They have 250+ videos and are adding regularly. They cover all subjects especially teaching your dogs these basics. :) I think video training is better and cheaper. Tried and tested with Brad, I can really see the results almost immediately.

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